Post Industrial Manufacturing

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For a number of years now, I have been considering the impact of new and emerging technologies in computer aided design and direct digital manufacture. The implications are incredible. Post Industrial Manufacturing will change the very nature of design, the way we teach design, and the relationship of consumers to products. I lead a research group on Post Industrial Manufacturing in the Art and Design Research Centre at Sheffield Hallam University. The group's research projects have produced academic papers and public exhibitions of radical design work. A selection of these can be accessed by clicking on the links below.

Designing Impact! Approaches to Applied Research

This book is a collaboration between the Art & Design Research Centre at Sheffield Hallam University (SHU) and the China Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA). It highlights numerous casestudies of practice-based research projects from both institutions, all with explanatory text in English and Chinese. More...


Post Industrial Manufacturing Systems

Post Industrial Manufacturing is a research program exploring the impact of emerging technologies in Rapid Prototyping, Direct Digital Manufacture, Parametric Modelling and Generative Design. This paper describes different approaches to generative design and discusses the implications. More...



Designers are used to an amount of 'distance' between their designs and their manufacture, whereas craftspeople work more closely with the end result. What would happen if a craftsperson worked with a system that removed them from making, but still allowed every object to be an individual piece? More...

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Automake and FutureFactories exhibition

This exhibition at Hub, the National Centre for Craft and Design in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, placed Justin Marshall's work on his project, called 'Automake', alongside a continuation of the work of Lionel Dean's FutureFactories project and allowed vistors to make their own designs. More...



FutureFactories started as a Designer in Residence programme I ran while at the University of Huddersfield. Designer Lionel T. Dean was engaged for a year to work on a research project looking at the potential of rapid prototyping techniques to produced finished goods. More...

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FutureFactories exhibition

This touring exhibiton showcased Lionel's designs created using software that would allow consumers to watch products mutating randomly on screen, freeze the design at any given moment, and have that particular design produced by direct digital manufacture. More...